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EFSA assesses ASF risk from outdoor pig farms

Little three pigs on the field in summer

Source: Vincent ter Beek, Pig Progress, 24 June 2021, photo credit: Proof Pastured

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has assessed the risk of African Swine Fever (ASF) spreading through outdoor pig farms and has proposed biosecurity and control measures for outdoor farms in ASF-affected areas of the EU.

Outdoor pig farming is common in the EU. However, there is no legislation at a European level for categorising such farms, so information is limited, not harmonised and needs to be interpreted with care.

The EFSA’s Panel on Animal Health and Welfare concluded that outdoor pig farms carry a substantial risk of introducing and spreading ASF, but that installing single solid or double fences on all outdoor pig farms in areas of the EU where ASF is present could reduce this risk by at least 50%.
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