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First ASF cases discovered in Malaysia

Screen Shot 2021-03-01 at 2.02.37 PM

Source: Vincent te Beek, Pig Progress, 26 February 2021, photo credit: USA Department of State

The first African Swine Fever (ASF) outbreaks have been reported from Malaysia.

The archipelago reported 5 outbreaks in the north of the East Malaysia, the part of the country that is located on the island Borneo, which it shares with Brunei and Indonesia.

The outbreaks were reported in 3 different districts in Sabah, the northern part of East Malaysia.

  • In Pitas district, part of Kudat division, the village Kampong Ompungoi reported 212 infected backyard pigs. This was the largest outbreak of the 5. It took place on February 8.
  • The adjacent district Kota Marudu, also part of Kudat division, reported 2 infected villages. Kampong Patani found 78 backyard pigs infected on February 8; Kampong Radu Laut had another 7 casualties on February 10.
  • An additional 2 outbreaks were reported from the adjacent Beluran district, located in Sandakan division. In the village Kampong Kaboton 6 backyard pigs were found infected on February 11; another village called Hutan Simpan, 5 wild boar had been infected on February 8.

According to a report by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), the Pitas case was the first in which presence of the ASF virus could be confirmed by laboratory testing, after which surveillance was stepped up in a 50 km radius around the index case. When it was also found in wild boar in the Beluran district, the surveillance was stepped up in the entire country.

With the outbreak, Malaysia follows a range of other Asian countries where ASF has also been confirmed, including China, North Korea, South Korea, Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, India, East Timor. In addition, a few islands off the coast of Taiwan reported infected pigs washing ashore.

The archipelago reported 5 outbreaks in the north of the East Malaysia, the part of the country that is located on the island Borneo, which it shares with Brunei and Indonesia.

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